Английский язык для юристов. Предпринимательское право

Автор: Коростелев Станислав Жанр: Языкознание  Научно-образовательная  Юриспруденция  2006 год
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Английский язык для юристов. Предпринимательское право - Коростелев Станислав

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Determining this test may require the use of expert witnesses to testify as to the reasonable professional's conduct under the circumstances. In order for the tortfeasor to be held liable, the unreasonable conduct must be the proximate cause of the victim's injuries. Proximate cause (sometimes referred to as legal cause) is the connection between the unreasonable conduct and the resulting harm. The injured party in a lawsuit for negligence must show that actual harm was suffered. In most cases, the harm suffered is a physical injury or in a form of property damage, and is, therefore, visible. Harm suffered due to fright or humiliation is difficult to demonstrate. Several defenses can be used by the defendant in a negligence case. These defenses include contributory negligence, comparative negligence, and assumption of the risk. The defense of contributory negligence involves the failure of the injured party to be careful enough to ensure personal safety. Contributory negligence completely …