Английский язык. Практический курс для решения бизнес-задач

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Английский язык. Практический курс для решения бизнес-задач - Пусенкова Нина

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Expectancy Theory Developed by Victor Vroom in the 1960s, Expectancy Theory proceeds from the assumption that behavior is based upon the expectation that this behavior will lead to a specific reward and that reward is valued. According to expectancy theory, you must decide how hard you have to work to get an upcoming promotion. Then you must decide if you can work at that level (to get that promotion). The third link is deciding how much you value that reward (the promotion). All three pieces of this equation determine your motivational level. You think of expectancy as the following equation: M = E x V x I , where M = Motivation; E = Expectancy; V = Valence; I = Instrumentality. Expectancy is your view of whether your efforts will lead to the required level of performance to enable you to get the reward. Valence is how valued the reward is. Instrumentality is your view of the link between the performance level and the reward. That is, whether you believe that if you do deliver the required …